Statement and Argument

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Ques10. Statements

Should only deserving author’s article should be published.

Arguments:

• Yes, as it will save paper which are short in supply.
• No, because it is not possible to draw a line between the deserving and undeserving.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is B

Argument I does not provide a strong reason to support of the statement. Also, it is not possible to analyze the deserving and not deserving. So, argument II holds strong.

Ques11. Statements

Should prestigious people be given special treatment for the crime they have committed unknowingly?

Arguments:

• Yes, the prestigious people do not commit crime intentionally.
• No, it is a rule that everybody is equal before the law.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is B

The constitution of India has laid down the belief of ‘equality before the law’. So, argument II holds the strong. Also, we cannot judge the intentions of a person behind committing the crime. So, argument I is vague.

Ques12. Statements

Should internal exams be cancelled in school?

Arguments:

• Yes, this will help in reducing the favoritism.
• No, faculty will lose control over students.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is A

Cancelling the exams will surely reduce the favoritism on personal grounds because the teachers would not be involved in examination system so that they cannot extend personal benefits to anyone. So, argument I holds strong. But it will not affect the control of teaching faculty on students because still the teachers would be teaching them. So, argument II is vague.

Ques13. Statement

Should all unauthorized buildings be demolished in city?

Arguments:

• No, where will people reside after the demolition.
• Yes, this will give a message to public and they will refrain from constructing unauthorized buildings.
1. Only argument I is strong.
2. Only argument II is strong.
3. Either I or II is strong.
4. Neither I nor II is strong.
5. Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is B

The demolition of unauthorized buildings would teach a lesson to the builders and also serve as a warning to the citizens not to indulge in such activities in the future. This is important, as unauthorized constructions impose undue burden on the city’s infrastructure. So, only argument II holds strong.

Ques16. Statement

Should non-vegetarian food be banned in our country?

Arguments:

• Yes, it is expensive and therefore it is beyond the means of most people in our country.
• No, nothing should be banned in a democratic country like ours.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is B

Restriction on the diet of people will be denying them their basic human right. So, only argument II holds.

Ques17. Statement

Should there be a ban on trapping wild animals?

Arguments:

• Yes, trappers are making a lot of money.
• No, bans on hunting and trapping are not effective.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is D

Ban is necessary to protect our natural environment. So, none of the arguments is strong enough.

Ques18. Statement

Should government jobs in rural areas have more incentives?

Arguments:

• Yes, incentives are important as they attract government servants there.
• No, rural areas are cheaper, healthier and less complex than big cities.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is A

Govt. jobs in rural areas are underlined with several difficulties. On behalf of this, extra incentives are needed. So, only argument I holds strong.

Ques19. Statement

Should so much money be spent on advertisements?

Arguments:

• Yes, it is essential requirement in a capitalist economy.
• No, it leads to wastage of resources.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is A

The advertisements are the means to introduce people with the product. So, argument I holds strong. But argument II is vague because advertisements are an investment for better gain and not wastage.

Ques20. Statement

Should fashionable clothes be banned?

Arguments:

• Yes, because fashion keeps on changing.
• No, fashionable clothes are a person’s self expression.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is B

Imposing ban on fashionable clothes will be a restriction on the personal choice and hence, the right to freedom of an individual. So, only argument II is strong.

Ques21. Statement

Should there be no place of interview while selection?

Arguments:

• Yes, it is very subjective.
• No, it is the only method to judge candidate’s motives and personality.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is A

Beside interview, there are other modes for the selection like written examination to judge candidate’s motives. So, argument II is not strong enough. However, the interview is a subjective assessment without doubt. So, argument I holds.

Ques22. Statement

Should income tax be abolished in India?

Arguments:

• Yes, it is an unnecessary burden on the wage earners.
• No, it is a good source of revenue.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is B

Income-tax is levied so that every citizen can contribute his share towards the development of the nation. So, argument I seem to be vague. However, income-tax is no doubt a good source of revenue for the government. Hence, argument II holds strong.

Ques23. Statement

Should education be made free in India?

Arguments:

• Yes, this will improve the literacy rate.
• No, it would add the heavy burden on the resources.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is B

Making education free in India is not the only means to ensure literacy, awareness is also needed. So, argument I is vague. Also, such a step would require funds and lead to financial drain. So, argument II holds.

Ques24. Statement

Should India have no military force at all?

Arguments:

• No, other countries in the world do not believe in non-violence.
• Yes, many Indians believe in non-violence.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is D

India needs to have military force to defend itself against the threat of other military powers in the world. So, none of the argument holds strong.

Ques25. Statement

Should there be reservation in Govt. jobs?

Arguments:

• No, this is not advisable as the jobs should be offered to only deserving candidates without any reservation.
• Yes, this will help to reduce the growing population in India.
• Only argument I is strong.
• Only argument II is strong.
• Either I or II is strong.
• Neither I nor II is strong.
• Both I and II are strong.

Explanation: Answer is D

The govt. has already made some provisions for reservation of jobs for the economically backward sections, which is a must. So, abolishing the practice of reservation altogether has no meaning. Thus, argument I is vague. Beside, such a reservation if implemented, will lead to job requirements of a small section of population. So, argument II also does not hold strong.