# Coding and Decoding

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A) ”BANKS ARE DIGITAL TODAY” can be written as “VAN   MA   RA   YA” “MONEY TRANSFER THROUGH BANKS” can be written as   ”VAN   SI   NET  LOT”

“DIGITAL MONEY EASY TODAY” can be written as “MA  SI  RA  XA”

“TODAY WE HAVE LEAVE” can be written as “RA  SU  KU PUT”

Questions:

1.    what is the possible code for “EASY TRANSFER”?

1. VAN  RA
2. SI MA
3. RA SU
4. cannot be determined

Explanation: compare the two sentence. It consists of common word with sentence . That word gives the common answer.

2.   code word for “BANKS” can be written as…..

1. SU
2. VAN
3. PUT
4. XA

Reason …..same as follows

3.   what will be the code word for “DIGITAL MONEY”?

1. MA RA
2. XA YA
3. MA SI
4. NONE OF THE ABOVE

REASON :SAME AS FOLLOWS

4.   what is the word for the code ”RA”?

1. BANK
2. TRANSFER
3. TODAY
4. EASY

REASON :SAME AS FOLLOWS

5.   what is the code word for “ TODAY DIGITAL BANKS”?

1. RA MA VAN
2. MA XA YA
3. RA SU KU
4. NET LOT SI

REASON :SAME AS FOOLOWS

Coding-Decoding

What is coding-decoding?

Coding-Decoding is the simplest form of verbal intelligence reasoning. In this type of question, a set of letters or numbers are given in code in which they have to be deciphered or decoded. The coding-decoding can be divided in to two types:

• Letter Coding – In this type certain letters of alphabet stand for certain other letters of alphabet. For eg: CROWN = DSPXO

In this each letter is replaced by its following letter in the alphabet i.e. C by D, R by S and so on.

• Number Coding – In this type letters are changes by the number of letters in their corresponding alphabetic position. There are several methods of number coding:
1. Position numbers of letters remain the same. For eg: CLEAR = 3125118
2. Position numbers of letters are added. For eg: FEAR = 30

In this case, position number is added i.e. 6 + 5 + 1 + 18 = 30

• Position numbers of letters are added but at the same time a certain number is subtracted, added, multiplied or divided. For eg: FEAR = 120

Here, (6 + 5 + 1 + 18) * 4 = 30 * 4 = 120

Ques1. In a certain code language ‘GOAL’ is written as ‘HPBM’. How will ‘POST’ be written in that code?

• QPTS ) QPST                     c.) QPTV                    d.) QPTU                    e.) None of these

GOAL => HPBM

In this each letter is replaced by its following letter in the alphabet i.e.

G + 1 = H

O + 1 = P

A + 1 = B

L + 1 = M

So, in the same way

POST = QPTU

P + 1 = Q

O + 1 = P

S + 1 = T

T + 1 = U

Ques2. In a certain code language ‘PINK’ is written as ‘NGLI’. How will ‘REST’ be written in the same code?

• PMLR ) PCQR                         c.) PBQR                           d.) PQRE                         e.) None of these

PINK => NGLI

P – 2 = N

I – 2 = G

N – 2 = L

K – 2 = I

So, in the same way

REST => PCQR

R – 2 = P

E – 2 = C

S – 2 = Q

T – 2 = R

Ques3. In a certain code language, ‘LOSE’ is written as ‘MQVI’. How will ‘GAIN’ be written in that code?

• GCLR ) HLCR                      c.) HCLS                         d.) HCLR                       e.) None of these

LOSE => MQVI

L + 1 = M

O + 2 = Q

S + 3 = V

E + 4 = I

So, in the same way

GAIN => HCLR

G + 1 = H

A + 2 = C

I + 3 = L

N + 4 = R

Ques4. In a certain code, language ‘RUMSZ’ is written as ‘PRINT’. How will ‘FUMSQ’ be written in that code?

• PRICK ) BRING                      c.) DRINK                        d.) DREAM                         e.) None of these

RUMSZ => PRINT

R – 2 = P

U – 3 = R

M – 4 = I

S – 5 = N

Z – 6 = T

So, in the same way

FUMSQ => DRINK

F – 2 = D

U – 3 = R

M – 4 = I

S – 5 = N

Q – 6 = K

Ques5. In a certain code language ‘FAVOUR’ is written as ‘ECURTV’. How will ‘FOSTER’ be written in that code?

• GQTWFV ) EQRWDV                     c.) QEWRVD                        d.) EQRVDV                       e.) None of these

FAVOUR => ECURTV

F – 1 = E

A + 2 = C

V – 1 = U

O + 3 = R

U – 1 = T

R + 4 = V

So, in the same way

FOSTER => EQRWDV

F – 1 = E

O + 2 = Q

S – 1 = R

T + 3 = W

E – 1 = D

R + 4 = V

Ques6. In a certain code language ‘POLISH’ is written as ‘MLIFPE’. How will ‘DIG’ be written in that code?

• ZFD ) AFD                    c.) BGD                     d.) EHF                     e.) None of these

POLISH => MLIFPE

P – 3= M

O – 3 = L

L – 3 = I

I – 3 = F

S – 3 = P

H – 3 = E

So, in the same way

DIG => AFD

D – 3 = A

I – 3 = F

G – 3 = D

Ques7. In a certain code language ‘CAT’ is written as ‘DDY’. How will ‘BIG’ be written in that code?

• CML ) CJL                   c.) CLL                      d.) CNL                    e.) None of these

CAT => DDY

C + 1 = D

A + 3 = D

T + 5 = Y

So, in the same way

BIG => CLL

B + 1 = C

I + 3 = L

G + 5 = L

Ques8. In a certain code language ‘POND’ is written as ‘RSTL’. How will ‘HEAR’ be written in that code?

• GHIZ ) GHIJ                       c.) JCLZ                        d.) JIGZ                     e.) None of these

POND => RSTL

P + 2 = R

O + 4 = S

N + 6 = T

D + 8 = L

So, in the same way

HEAR => JIGZ

H + 2 = J

E + 4 = I

A + 6 = G

R + 8 = Z

Ques9. In a certain code language ‘ACT’ is written as ‘BGZ’. How will ‘GEL’ be written in that code?

• HTI ) HIR                     c.) HSH                      d.) HTS                      e.) None of these

ACT => BGZ

A + 1 = B

C + 4 = G

T + 6 = Z

So, in the same way

GEL => HIR

G + 1 = H

E + 4 = I

L + 6 = R

Ques10.  In a certain code language ‘CLOCK’ is written as ‘KCOLC’. How will ‘STEPS’ be written in that code?

• SPEST ) SPETS                    c.) STESP                    d.) SPTES                         e.) None of these

CLOCK => KCOLC

In similar way,

STEPS => SPETS

Ques11. In a certain code language ‘NXHYJ’ is written as ‘PALAM’. How will ‘RSZHM’ be written in that code?

• STAIN ) PPVEJ                  c.) PQEVJ                  d.) TVDJP                       e.) None of these

NXHYJ => PALAM

N + 2 = P

X + 3 = A

H + 4 = L

Y + 2 = A

J + 3 = M

So, in the same way

RSZHM => TVDJP

R + 2 = T

S + 3 = V

Z + 4 = D

H + 2 = J

M + 3 = P

Ques12. In a certain code language ‘DLEJYLC’ is written as ‘ENGLAND’. How will ‘HLBDY’ be written in that code?

• INDIA ) INDFZ                   c.) NDOIA                       d.) JNDEA                     e.) None of these

DLEJYLC => ENGLAND

D + 1 = E

L + 2 = N

E + 2 = G

J + 2 = L

Y + 2 = A

L + 2 = N

C + 1 = D

So, in the same way

HLBDY =>INDFZ

H + 1 = I

L + 2 = N

B + 2 = D

D + 2 = F

Y + 1 = Z

Ques13. In a certain code language ‘AYS’ is written as ‘BAT’. How will ‘BYS’ be written in that code?

• CAT ) RAT                    c.) MAT                         d.) AAT                  e.) None of these

AYS => BAT

A + 1 = B

Y + 2 = A

S + 1 = T

So, in the same way

B + 1 = C

Y + 2 = A

S + 1 = T

Ques14. In a certain code language ‘BODY’ is written as ‘APCZ’. How will ‘DELHI’ be written in that code?

• CFKIH ) CFKHI                   c.) CFKGI                    d.) BFKGI                      e.) None of these

BODY => APCZ

B – 1 = A

O + 1 = P

D – 1 = C

Y + 1 = Z

So, in the same way

D – 1 = C

E + 1 = F

L – 1 = K

H + 1 = I

I – 1 = H

Ques15. In a certain code language ‘PUJA’ is written as ‘JWFC’. How will ‘RUBY’ be written in that code?

• LWYA ) XWXA                    c.) LWXA                  d.) LVXA                    e.) None of these

PUJA => JWFC

P – 6 = J

U + 2 = W

J – 4 = F

A + 2 = C

So, in the same way

R – 6 = L

U + 2 = W

B – 4 = X

Y + 2 = A

Ques16. In a certain code language ‘TEACHING’ is written as ‘CHEATING’. How will ‘GRADIENT’ be written in that code?

• DIRAGENT ) DIERATING                    c.) RADIGENT                      d.) LGDIEANT                      e.) None of these

TEACHING => CHEATING

So, in the same way

Ques17. If orange is called butter, butter is called soap, soap is called ink, ink is called honey and honey is called orange, which of the following is used for washing clothes?

• Honey ) Butter                  c.) Orange                  d.) Ink                     e.) None of these

We use soap for washing clothes. But, according to the question soap is called ink. Hence, ink is used for washing clothes.

Ques18. If sky is called sea, sea is called water, water is called air, air is called cloud and cloud is called river, then what do we drink when thirsty?

• Sky       ) Air                    c.) Water                   d.) Sea                   e.) None of these

We drink water when we are thirsty. But according to the question, water is called air. Hence, we drink air when thirsty.

Ques19. If water is called blue, blue is called red, red is called white, white is called sky, sky is called rain, rain is called green and green is called air, then which of the following is the color of milk?

• Air ) Green                 c.) White                  d.) Sky                   e.) None of these

As we know the color of milk is white. But, according to the question, white is called sky. Hence, the color of milk is sky.

Ques20. If pen is wood, wood is called fan, fan is chair, chair is called grass, then on which of the following will a person sit?

• Fan ) Wood                  c.) Chair                   d.) Grass                   e.) None of these

A person will sit on chair. But, according to the question, chair is called grass. Hence a person will sit on grass.

Ques21. In a certain code ‘bi nie pie’ means ‘some good jokes’, ‘nie bat lik’ means ‘some real stories’, and ‘pie lik tol’ means ‘many good stories’. Which word in that code means ‘jokes’?

• Bi ) Nie                      c.) Pie                     d.) Lik                    e.) None of these
 good
 pie

bi                                ->                                     jokes

bat lik ->                    real stories

 good
 pie

lik tol -> many                stories

bi means jokes

Ques22. If in a certain language, ‘oka peru’ means ‘fine cloth’, ‘meta lisa’ means ‘clear water’ and ‘dona lisa peru’ means ‘fine clear weather’, then which word in that language means ‘weather’?

• Peru ) oka                     c.) meta                     d.) dona                    e.) None of these
 fine
 peru

oka                   ->               cloth

meta                 ->                  water

 fine
 peru

dona                                 ->                                 weather

Ques23. In a certain code, ‘37’ means ‘which class’ and ‘583’ means ‘caste and class’. What is the code for ‘caste’?

• 3 ) 7                     c.) 8                        d.) Either 5 or 8                       e.) None of these

7 -> which

58           -> caste and

∴ 5 or 8 -> caste

Ques24. If DELHI is coded as 73541 and CALCUTTA as 82589662, how will CALICUT be coded?

• 5729431 ) 5798213                  c.) 8251896                    d.) 8543691                   e.) None of these

DELHI

D = 7, E = 3, L = 5, H = 4, I = 1

CALCUTTA

C = 8, A = 2, L = 5, C = 8, U = 9, T = 6, T = 6, A = 2

∴ CALICUT = 8251896

Ques25. If SHARP is coded as 58034 and PUSH is coded as 4658, then RUSH is coded as:

• 3568 ) 3658                      c.) 3685                     d.) 3583                     e.) None of these

SHARP

S = 5, H = 8, A = 0, R = 3, P = 4

PUSH

P = 4, U = 6. S = 5, H = 8

So, in the same way

RUSH = 3658