Cause and Effect

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Cause and Effect:

What is cause and effect?

In this type of questions two statements are given in which out of these two statements one is the cause and the other one is the effect or either these two may be independent causes any effect or independent effects of any cause etc.

The following example will clear you an idea to solve this type of problem:

Example:

Statements

1. I.  Shyam’s mother was ill.
2. ii. Shyam brought medicine after consulting the doctor.

Answer : As Shyam’s father was ill, he brought medicine on the advice of doctor.

Therefore, I statement is the cause while II statement is the effect.

Aptitude Questions (Cause and Effect):

1. Statements:

1. The school authority will close down the school for next one week.
2. A renovation will be done at the zoo in the next week.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D) Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

E) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation:

Here statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect because the school authority will close down the school in the next week due to renovation.

2. Statements:

1. The government applied traffic rules for the people of India.
2. All people of India should follow the traffic rule.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D) Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

E) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation:

Here both the statements I and II are independent causes because the application of traffic rules by the government is an independent cause while following the traffic rules by people is a different cause.

3. Statements

i. Most of the employees are present in office on Monday.

ii. Most of the employees are absent in office on Saturday.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D) Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

E) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation:

Here both the statements I and II are effect of independent causes, because statement I is talking about the presence of employees at the office and statement II is talking about the absence of employees at the office. So, both the statements is an effect of two independent causes.

4. Statements

1. A teacher caught few students cheating in class.
2. Principle asked few students for punishment.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D) Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

E) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation:

Here both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause because teacher caught cheating while few students cheating in the class and because of the same reason principal asked those students for punishment. So, here both the statements are common cause of same incident.

5. Statements:

1. Many primary schools in the rural areas are run by only one teacher.
2. There has been a huge dropout from the schools in rural areas.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D) Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

E) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.