Cause and Effect

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Cause and Effect


What is cause and effect?

In this type of questions two statements are given in which out of these two statements one is the cause and the other one is the effect or either these two may be independent causes any effect or independent effects of any cause etc.

The following example will clear you an idea to solve this type of problem:

Example:

Statements

  1. Shyam’s mother was ill.
  2. Shyam brought medicine after consulting the doctor.

Answer : As Shyam’s father was ill, he brought medicine on the advice of doctor.

Therefore, I statement is the cause while II statement is the effect.

Ques1. Statements:

  1. The school authority will close down the school for next one week.
  2. A renovation will be done at the zoo in the next week.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is B

Here statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect because the school authority will close down the school in the next week due to renovation.

Ques2. Statements:

  1. The government applied traffic rules for the people of India.
  2. All people of India should follow the traffic rule.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is C

Here both the statements I and II are independent causes because the application of traffic rules by the government is an independent cause while following the traffic rules by people is a different cause.

Ques3. Statements

  1. Most of the employees are present in office on Monday.
  2. Most of the employees are absent in office on Saturday.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is D

Here both the statements I and II are effect of independent causes, because statement I is talking about the presence of employees at the office and statement II is talking about the absence of employees at the office. So, both the statements is an effect of two independent causes.

Ques4. Statements

  1. A teacher caught few students cheating in class.
  2. Principle asked few students for punishment.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is E

Here both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause because teacher caught cheating while few students cheating in the class and because of the same reason principal asked those students for punishment. So, here both the statements are common cause of same incident.

Ques5. Statements:

  1. Many primary schools in the rural areas are run by only one teacher.
  2. There has been a huge dropout from the schools in rural areas.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is A

Since many of the primary schools in the rural areas are run by only one teacher so there has been a huge dropout from the primary schools in rural areas.

Ques6. Statements:

  1. The farmers are against selling their crops to the government.
  2. The government has reduced the price of crops starting from the last month to the next six months.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is B

Since the government has reduced the price of crops starting from the last months to the next six months, therefore, the farmers have decided against selling their crops to government.

Ques7. Statements:

  1. Many people visit shopping malls during the weekend.
  2. Many people visit shopping malls during the weekdays.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is E

Both the statements I and II are the effects of some common cause.

Ques8. Statements:

  1. All the schools in the area had to be kept close for one week.
  2. Many parents have to take back their children from the schools.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is E

Both the statements are effects of some common cause.

Ques9. Statements:

  1. The bike manufacturing companies have recently increased the prices.
  2. The government has recently increased the duty on the bikes.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is B

Since the government has recently increased the duty on bikes therefore, the bike manufacturing companies have recently increased the prices of bikes.

Ques10. Statements:

  1. Many people in the area are suffering from dengue.
  2. Doctors have decided to close their clinics for few days.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is D

Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes. Because spreading dengue or to be suffering from dengue may be due to mosquitoes or dirtiness. But the decision of doctors to close the clinics may be due to other causes.

Ques11. Statements:

  1. The government has increased rates of petrol and diesel.
  2. Oil producing countries have decided to increase production on crude oil from the last month.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is D

Both statements I and II are the effects of independent causes.

Ques12. Statements:


  1. The vegetable prices in the market have increased from past few days.
  2. Endless rains have created flood like situation in most parts of the state.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is B

The transportation gets effect due to the flood created by endless rains in the most parts of the state. Therefore, on account of this, it is possible to increase the vegetable prices in the market.

Ques13. Statements:

  1. There was a huge rush of people in the theatre last Sunday the 16th of the month.
  2. The theatre authority had decided to close down the theatre for repairs from 18th of the month.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is B

Since the theatre authority had decided to close down the theatre for repairs from 18th of the    month, hence, there was a huge rush of people to the theatre last Sunday the 16th of the month.

 

 

Ques14. Statements:

  1. Many people have fallen sick after consuming food from the local shop.
  2. Major part of the locality is flooded and has become inaccessible to outsides.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is D

Both the statements I and II are the effects of independent causes.

Ques15. Statements:

  1. Police authority has increased the look out during the evening hours in the locality.
  2. There have been reductions in the incidents of crimes in the locality.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is A

Since police authority has recently increased look out during the evening hours in the locality therefore, the crimes have been reduced considerably.

Ques16. Statements:

  1. There are chances of snowfall in next 3 days.
  2. The handloom industries will increases their production by 40%.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is A

The chances of snowfall in the near future means that people will need to use the woolen clothes and to meet this increased demand handloom needs to increase their production. Therefore, statement I is the cause and statement II is the effect.

Ques17. Statements:

  1. Shreya was not granted a visa to the USA.
  2. Shreya’s flight to Paris was delayed by at least 12 hours.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is D

Both the statements I and II are the effects of independent causes.

Ques18. Statements:

  1. Salman’s movie has crossed the 100 mark.
  2. His movie has been nominated for the award.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is E

Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Ques19. Statements:

  1. She has not paid the rent.
  2. She has not arrived yet.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is D

Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

Ques20. Statements:

  1. The police have caught some robbers.
  2. The people in the locality have started night look out in the area.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is E

Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Ques21. Statements:

  1. There is a decline in the production of oil this year.
  2. The government has decided to increase the import of oil.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is A

A decline in oil production has reduced the supply and import of oil is the only means to restore the essential supply.

Ques22. Statements:

  1. The literacy rate in the state has been increasing from the past five years.
  2. The state administration has conducted training programme for the workers involved in this campaign.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is B

The increase in the literacy rate may be attributed directly to the efforts of the state administration in this direction.

Ques23. Statements:

  1. Nepal suffered a major earthquake today.
  2. The term of Nepal Prime Minister ends by January.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is C

The given two statements are independent of each other, but they lead to major consequences.

Ques24. Statements:

  1. The shortage of talent has become severe.
  2. There are more job opportunities than the qualified professionals.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is A

Number of talented people is less and those with talent are getting more opportunities.

Ques25. Statements:

  1. It was very hot today.
  2. The weather department has reported that temperature will rise.
  3. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  4. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  5. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  6. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  7. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation: Answer is E

Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.