C – Increment/decrement Operators

Prev     Next

  • Increment operators are used to increase the value of the variable by one and decrement operators are used to decrease the value of the variable by one in C programs.
  • Syntax:
    Increment operator: ++var_name; (or) var_name++;
    Decrement operator: – -var_name; (or) var_name – -;
  • Example:
    Increment operator :  ++ i ;    i ++ ;
    Decrement operator :  – – i ;   i – – ;

Example program for increment operators in C:

In this program, value of “i” is incremented one by one from 1 up to 9 using “i++” operator and output is displayed as “1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9”.

Output:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Example program for decrement operators in C:

In this program, value of “I” is decremented one by one from 20 up to 11 using “i–” operator and output is displayed as “20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11”.

Output:

20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

Difference between pre/post increment & decrement operators in C:

Below table will explain the difference between pre/post increment and decrement operators in C programming language.

Operator
Operator/Description
Pre increment operator (++i) value of i is incremented before assigning it to the variable i
Post increment operator (i++) value of i is incremented after assigning it to the variable i
Pre decrement operator (–i) value of i is decremented before assigning it to the variable i
Post decrement operator (i–) value of i is decremented after assigning it to variable i

Example program for pre – increment operators in C:

Output:

1 2 3 4
  • Step 1 : In above program, value of “i” is incremented from 0 to 1 using pre-increment operator.
  • Step 2 : This incremented value “1” is compared with 5 in while expression.
  • Step 3 : Then, this incremented value “1” is assigned to the variable “i”.
  • Above 3 steps are continued until while expression becomes false and output is displayed as “1 2 3 4”.

Example program for post – increment operators in C:

Output:

1 2 3 4 5
  • Step 1 : In this program, value of  i “0” is compared with 5 in while expression.
  • Step 2 : Then, value of “i” is incremented from 0 to 1 using post-increment operator.
  • Step 3 : Then, this incremented value “1” is assigned to the variable “i”.
  • Above 3 steps are continued until while expression becomes false and output is displayed as “1 2 3 4 5”.

Example program for pre – decrement operators in C:

Output:

9 8 7 6
  • Step 1 : In above program, value of “i” is decremented from 10 to 9 using pre-decrement operator.
  • Step 2 : This decremented value “9” is compared with 5 in while expression.
  • Step 3 : Then, this decremented value “9” is assigned to the variable “i”.
  • Above 3 steps are continued until while expression becomes false and output is displayed as “9 8 7 6”.

Example program for post – decrement operators in C:

 Output:

9 8 7 6 5
  • Step 1 : In this program, value of  i “10” is compared with 5 in while expression.
  • Step 2 : Then, value of “i” is decremented from 10 to 9 using post-decrement operator.
  • Step 3 : Then, this decremented value “9” is assigned to the variable “i”.
  • Above 3 steps are continued until while expression becomes false and output is displayed as “9 8 7 6 5”. 

Continue on types of C operators:

Click on each operator name below for detailed description and example programs.

Types of Operators 
Description
Arithmetic_operators These are used to perform mathematical calculations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and modulus
Assignment_operators These are used to assign the values for the variables in C programs.
These operators are used to compare the value of two variables.
These operators are used to perform logical operations on the given two variables.
These operators are used to perform bit operations on given two variables.
Conditional operators return one value if condition is true and returns another value is condition is false.
These operators are used to either increase or decrease the value of the variable by one.
&, *, sizeof( ) and ternary operators.

Prev     Next





Share this website !!!
Facebook Twitter Linkedin

Close
We Support JALLIKATTU !!!
We Support JALLIKATTU!
By Fresh2Refresh.com
Show Your Support as well. Thanks!