fscanf(), fprintf(), ftell(), rewind() functions in C

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fscanf(), fprintf(), ftell(), rewind() functions are file handling functions in C programming language. Please find below the description and syntax for each above file handling functions.

File operation
Declaration & Description
fscanf() Declaration: int fscanf(FILE *fp, const char *format, …)

fscanf() function is used to read formatted data from a file. In a C program, we use fscanf() as below.

fscanf (fp, “%d”, &age);
Where, fp is file pointer to the data type “FILE”.
Age – Integer variable
This is for example only. You can use any specifiers with any data type as we use in normal scanf() function.

fprintf() Declaration: int fprintf(FILE *fp, const char *format, …)

fprintf() function is used to write formatted data into a file. In a C program, we use fprinf() as below.
fprintf (fp, “%s %d”, “var1”, var2);

Where, fp is file pointer to the data type “FILE”.
var1 – string variable
var2 – Integer variable
This is for example only. You can use any specifiers with any data type as we use in normal printf() function.

ftell() Declaration: long int ftell(FILE *fp)

ftell function is used to get current position of the file pointer. In a C program, we use ftell() as below.
ftell(fp);

rewind() Declaration: void rewind(FILE *fp)

rewind function is used to move file pointer position to the beginning of the file. In a C program, we use rewind() as below.
rewind(fp);

Example program for fscanf(), fprintf(), ftell(), rewind() functions in C programming language:

This file handling C program illustrates how to read and write formatted data from/to a file.

Output:

Name: Fresh2refresh
Age: 5
Total number of characters in file is 15

Other Inbuilt file handling functions in C programming language:

C programming language offers many other inbuilt functions for handling files. They are given below. Please click on each function name below to know more details, example programs, output for the respective file handling function.

File handling functions
Description
fopen () fopen () function creates a new file or opens an existing file.
fclose () fclose () function closes an opened file.
getw () getw () function reads an integer from file.
putw () putw () functions writes an integer to file.
fgetc () fgetc () function reads a character from file.
fputc () fputc () functions write a character to file.
gets () gets () function reads line from keyboard.
puts () puts () function writes line to o/p screen.
fgets () fgets () function reads string from a file, one line at a time.
fputs () fputs () function writes string to a file.
feof () feof () function finds end of file.
fgetchar () fgetchar () function reads a character from keyboard.
fprintf () fprintf () function writes formatted data to a file.
fscanf () fscanf () function reads formatted data from a file.
fputchar () fputchar () function writes a character onto the output screen from keyboard input.
fseek () fseek () function moves file pointer position to given location.
SEEK_SET SEEK_SET moves file pointer position to the beginning of the file.
SEEK_CUR SEEK_CUR moves file pointer position to given location.
SEEK_END SEEK_END moves file pointer position to the end of file.
ftell () ftell () function gives current position of file pointer.
rewind () rewind () function moves file pointer position to the beginning of the file.
getc () getc () function reads character from file.
getch () getch () function reads character from keyboard.
getche () getche () function reads character from keyboard and echoes to o/p screen.
getchar () getchar () function reads character from keyboard.
putc () putc () function writes a character to file.
putchar () putchar () function writes a character to screen.
printf () printf () function writes formatted data to screen.
sprinf () sprinf () function writes formatted output to string.
scanf () scanf () function reads formatted data from keyboard.
sscanf () sscanf () function Reads formatted input from a string.
remove () remove () function deletes a file.
fflush () fflush () function flushes a file.

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